Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are an integral component of public administrations performance measurement systems. In general, KPIs are assessment criteria that refer to the assessment dimensions Input, Process, Output, Impact and Outcome. 
These assessment dimensions are associated in a logic model, which refers to the production process of public services. Through an input such as personnel resources, activities can be undertaken to perform public tasks, which leads to direct outputs in form of products and services that then again can have different consequences, which are generally named as effects, impact and outcomes that distinguish between short-term, medium-term and long-term perspectives.
The three key performance indicators Economy, Effectiveness and Efficiency need to be applied to grade performance on these different assessment dimensions. 
KPIs cannot be established without targets. A KPI system needs to refer to respective targets that need to be discussed and finely balanced first. Further, the KPI system needs to be domain specific, which requires a domain specific target and indicator planning for every respective policy domain. 
The trend can be applied by several application fields within the policy making process, but the production of data takes place in the policy implementation process.
Another trend that is arising in that context is the Regulatory Performance Measurement. Regulations are norms adopted by government. Evaluating or measuring regulatory performance means to ask for its impact on individual behaviour, social affairs, costs, technological innovation, economic growth and several other conditions.
 Boyle, R. (2005), Civil Services Performance Indicators, Institute of Public Administration, Dublin.
 Schedler, K., Proeller, I. (2011), New Public Management, UTB, Bern.
 Van Dooren, W., Bouckaert, G., Halligan, J. (2010), Performance Management in the Public Sector, Routledge, Oxon.
 Schmeling, J. (2017), Wirkungorientiertes Fachcontrolling, Kommunal- und Schul-Verlag, Wiesbaden.
 Coglianese, C. (2012), Measuring Regulatory Performance, https://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/1_coglianese%20web.pdf, retrieved January 24, 2018.
- Better quality standards in the formulation and evaluation of norms
- Coherent use of digital technology across policy areas
- Cooperative working between decision makers, departments, hierarchy levels
- Cross-linked information exchange
- Development of domain specific target and indicator systems
- Ensuring data security taking into account the protection of citizens’ privacy
- Establish target-oriented personnel development
- Forward-looking strategic planning for the use of data and technologies as well as for practical implementation
- Improve the process of recruiting in order to acquire suitable staff in a timely manner
- Improved incentive structures for working in the public sector
- Involvement of the public and citizens, as well as the development of citizen-centred policy making
- Link between impact, quality, performance measurements and financial information
- Process and resource optimisation
- Secure organisational framework
- Standardisation of data management
- Standardisation of processes
|Agenda Setting||Policy Design and Analysis||Policy Implementation||Policy Monitoring and Evaluation|
|Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry & Foods|
|Economy & Finance|
|Education, Youth, Culture & Sport|
|Employment & Social Security|
|Environment & Energy|
|Foreign Affairs and Defence|
|Justice, Legal System & Public Safety|
|Innovation, Science & Technology|
|Urban Planning & Transport|
|Institutional Questions / Internal Affairs|